Last edited by Tygole
Thursday, August 6, 2020 | History

4 edition of Sulfur, chlorine, and fluorine degassing and atmospheric loading by the 1783-1784 AD Laki (Skaftár Fires) eruption in Iceland found in the catalog.

Sulfur, chlorine, and fluorine degassing and atmospheric loading by the 1783-1784 AD Laki (Skaftár Fires) eruption in Iceland

Sulfur, chlorine, and fluorine degassing and atmospheric loading by the 1783-1784 AD Laki (Skaftár Fires) eruption in Iceland

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Published by National Aeronautics and Space Administration, National Technical Information Service, distributor in [Washington, DC, Springfield, Va .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Basalt,
  • Volcanoes,
  • Aerosols,
  • Chlorine,
  • Fluorine,
  • Sulfur,
  • Degassing,
  • Iceland,
  • Lava,
  • Magma

  • Edition Notes

    StatementTh. Thordarson ... [et al.].
    Series[NASA contractor report] -- 207170., NASA contractor report -- NASA CR-207170.
    ContributionsThordarson, Th., United States. National Aeronautics and Space Administration.
    The Physical Object
    FormatMicroform
    Pagination1 v.
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL17576121M
    OCLC/WorldCa40660458

    Surface air temperature (SAT) anomaly (°C) for the winter of – (DJF) induced by the Laki eruption using the model simulations by Oman et al. [a, b]. The SAT anomaly is calculated with respect to the 30‐year control run, and the hatching denotes the statistical significance at the 95% confidence level. An extreme recent example of this was the eruption of Laki in Iceland [Thordarson et al., ], whose degassing severely fumigated pasturelands and fields, resulting in the starvation of a quarter of the island's population. Such plumes also pose major hazards to aviation; for instance a commercial Boeing temporarily lost power in.

    Thordarson T., Self S., Oskarsson N., Hulsebosch T. Sulfur, chlorine, and fluorine degassing and atmospheric loading by the AD Laki (Skaftár fires) eruption in Iceland. Bull. Volcanol. ; – Wallace P.J. Volcanic SO 2 emissions and the abundance and distribution of exsolved gas in magma bodies. J. Volcanol.   In his book, a short history of planet earth, Plimer (, p. ) Oskarsson, N., & Hulsebosch, T., , "Sulfur, chlorine, and fluorine degassing and atmospheric loading by the – AD Laki (Skaftar Fires) eruption in Iceland", Bulletin of Volcanology.

    Get this from a library! Sulfur, chlorine and fluorine degassing and atmospheric loading by the Roza eruption, Columbia River basalt group, Washington, USA. [Th Thordarson; S Self; United States. National Aeronautics and Space Administration.]. In Iceland, the haze lead to the loss of most of the island's livestock (by eating fluorine contaminated grass), crop failure (by acid rain), and the death of one-quarter of the human residents (by famine). Ben Franklin noted the atmospheric effects of the eruption (Wood, ). Photo of main fissure at Laki by Thor Thordarson.


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Sulfur, chlorine, and fluorine degassing and atmospheric loading by the 1783-1784 AD Laki (Skaftár Fires) eruption in Iceland Download PDF EPUB FB2

The – Laki tholeiitic basalt fissure eruption in Iceland was one of the greatest atmospheric pollution events of the past years, with widespread effects in the northern hemisphere. The degassing history and volatile budget of this event are determined by measurements of pre-eruption and residual contents of sulfur, chlorine, and fluorine in the products of all phases of the by: The Laki tholeiitic basalt fissure eruption in Iceland was one of the greatest atmospheric pollution events of the past years, with widespread.

The Laki tholeiitic basalt fissure eruption in Iceland was one of the greatest atmospheric pollution events of the past years, with widespread effects in the northern hemisphere. The degassing history and volatile budget of this event are determined by measurements of pre-eruption and residual contents of sulfur, chlorine, and fluorine in the products of all phases of the by: The – Laki tholeiitic basalt fissure eruption in Iceland was one of the greatest atmospheric pollution events of the past years, with widespread effects in the northern hemisphere.

The degassing history and volatile budget of this event. Sulfur, chlorine, and fluorine degassing and atmospheric loading by the AD Laki (Skafthr Fires) eruption in Iceland Received: 30 May / Accepted: 19 April The Laki tholeiitic basalt fissure eruption in Iceland was one of the greatest atmospheric pollution events of the past years, with widespread effects in the northern hemisphere.

The degassing history and volatile budget of this event are determined by measurements of pre-eruption and residual contents of sulfur, chlorine, and. Sulfur, chlorine, and fluorine degassing and atmospheric loading by the AD Laki (Skaftar fires) eruption in Iceland.

Bulletin of Volcanology, 58 (), Vancouver. The measured chlorine and fluorine concentrations in the samples indicate that the atmospheric loading of hydrochloric acid and hydrofluoric acid was approximately and Mt, respectively.

Furthermore, approximately 75% of the volatile mass dissolved by the Laki magma was released at the vents and carried by eruption columns to altitudes. Journal of volcanology and geothennal research ELSEVIER Journal of Volcanology and Geothennal Research 74 () Sulfur, chlorine and fluorine degassing and atmospheric loading by the Roza emption, Columbia River Basalt Group, Washington, USA Th.

Thordarson \ S. Self Department of Geology and Geophysics and Hawaii Center for Volcanology, School of Ocean and. Sulfur, chlorine, and fluorine degassing and atmospheric loading by the – AD Laki (Skaftár Fires) eruption in Iceland Received: 30 May / Accepted: 19 April   Thordarson T, Self S, Oskarsson N, Hulsebosch T () Sulfur, chlorine, and fluorine degassing and atmospheric loading by the – AD Laki (Skaftar Fires) eruption in Iceland.

Bull Volcanol – Article Google Scholar. Get this from a library. Sulfur, chlorine, and flourine degassing and atmospheric loading by the AD Laki (Skaftár Fires) eruption in Iceland. [Th Thordarson; United States. National Aeronautics and Space Administration.;]. Sulfur, Chlorine, and Flourine Degassing and Atmospheric Loading by the - AD Laki (Skaftar Fires) Eruption in Iceland The Laki tholeiitic basalt fissure eruption in Iceland was one of the greatest atmospheric pollution events of the past years, with widespread effects in the northern hemisphere.

The degassing history and volatile budget of this event are. Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this book to your organisation's collection.

The impact of the – AD Laki eruption on global aerosol formation processes and cloud (), Sulfur, chlorine and fluorine degassing and atmospheric loading by the Roza eruption, Columbia River Basalt Group, Washington, USA.

Sulphur, chlorine, and fluorine degassing and atmospheric loading by the – AD Laki (Skaftár Fires) eruption in Iceland. Bulletin of Volcanology, 58, – Toon, O. and Pollack. The observed sulfur content of basaltic magmas and the evidence for degassing of the lava flows suggest that the sulfur gas release from a large flood basalt eruption (such as the Roza flow of the Columbia River basalts) could be about 10 Gt of SO 2, along with significant amounts of fluorine and chlorine gases (Thordarson and Self, 3.

Results and Discussion [12] The total combined effect of Laki aerosol climate impact and deposition of S on wetlands was sufficient to suppress annual CH 4 emission from an estimated pre‐industrial source of Tg a −1 [Houweling et al., ] to Tg a −1 for the Laki eruption year between May and April This 23 Tg CH 4 suppression (a 14% reduction in emissions) is a.

A geochemical model shows that discrete volcanic perturbations, coupled to long-term changes in sulfur biogeochemistry result in apparent stepwise changes in the isotopic composition of marine sulfur, similar to the patterns seen in the marine barite record of the Cenozoic and Late Mesozoic.

The perturbations required to reproduce this isotope record in the model correlate with the. Stratospheric loading of sulfur from explosive volcanic eruptions, ().

Sulfur, chlorine and fluorine degassing and atmospheric loading by the – AD Laki (Skafta ´r Fires) eruption in Iceland.

The experimentally determined relationship between atmospheric pCO2 and plant stomata has been used to interpret large but transient changes in atmospheric composition, such as may have resulted fr.

Sulfur, chlorine, and fluorine degassing and atmospheric loading by the AD Laki (Skafthr Fires) eruption in Iceland Received: 30 May / Accepted: 19 April Abstract The Laki tholeiitic basalt fissure eruption in Iceland was one of the greatest atmospheric pollution events of the past years, with widespread.():Sulfur, chlorine, and fluorine degassing and atmospheric loading by the AD Laki (Skaftár Fires) eruption in Iceland Margret E.

Hartley, Thor Thordarson, etal.: () Reconstructing the deep CO2 degassing behaviour of large basaltic fissure eruptions.In his book, a short history of planet earth, Plimer (, p.

) Oskarsson, N., & Hulsebosch, T.,"Sulfur, chlorine, and fluorine degassing and atmospheric loading by the AD Laki (Skaftar Fires) eruption in Iceland", Bulletin of Volcanology.